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Impacted Wisdom Teeth Removal Information

Wisdom teeth refer to the molars, which rise from the gums at ages from 17 to 25. Before going into the discussion regarding impacted wisdom teeth removal methods, let us first understand what problems an impacted wisdom tooth can pose for a patient and why removal becomes a necessity.

 
The term "impaction of the wisdom tooth" refers to a condition in which that tooth had not erupted out of the gum line as it had been supposed to be. Rather the tooth was blocked by the gum itself, or by an existing tooth, or even by the bone inside. The consequence can be food debris accumulation in the surrounding area of the gums which might lead to growth of bacteria. Not only will the wisdom tooth decay, but even the subsequent tooth might decay too. Due to tooth decay and infection, the patient might face difficulty in opening his/her mouth, experience swelling and redness of the gums and also suffer from bad breath. Those individuals wearing braces will also face difficulty due to the impacted wisdom tooth. In this situation, there is no other way, but to remove it.
 
There are four types of impactions to be found in patients. These are:
 
Horizontal bone impaction: Apart from causing pathosis, horizontal placement results in hurting the second molar's hard tissue resulting in cavities and toothache. 
 
Angular bone impaction: This can also result in same adverse effects and suffering for the patients. This is also known as tissue impaction as the wisdom tooth directly breaks out of a tissue.
 
At times all the four wisdom teeth is removed, while at other times, each tooth is removed in separate sessions. Your oral surgeon will take the ultimate decision regarding the removal. X-rays  or intraoral camera will be taken to determine the extent of infection or how close the impacted teeth are to the gums surface.This minor procedure can be carried out in the Dentist's clinic or in the hospital. Generally the procedure consists of administering a local anesthesia which will make the entire gums area numb and one does not feel anything at all during the surgery. In certain cases, if you undergo procedure in a dental hospital, you may undergo the procedure with general anesthesia wherein one looses consciousness of self and remains unconscious all through the procedure.
 
The extraction process involves first cleaning the spot and removing the soft gum skin covering the teeth. If there is any jaw bone seen to be covering the teeth, the same may also be sawed off. After cutting and separating the tissues attached with the teeth, they can be extracted either as a whole or further broken into pieces if the size is too big and removed one by one. On complete removal of the teeth, the jaw tissues are stitched up again and cleaned and sprayed to clean up the area. This entire procedure normally takes anywhere from 30 minutes to an hour. Doctors normally prefer to extract one tooth at a time in one sitting, however if the surgery goes smoothly they may also finish the job by extracting the entire set of two teeth at one given time.
 
Post surgery you will start getting the sense of feeling back in a couple of hours. Post surgery recovery involves prescribed routine of antibiotics, pain killers and anti septic solutions and mouth wash with cleaning instructions.
 
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