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Know More About The Wisdom Teeth

People as a rule, get their wisdom teeth between the ages 17 and 25, that is where they get their name from. Back then is when a person is supposed to have obtained some wisdom, hence the name "wisdom teeth". Wisdom teeth are the third set of molars on the upper and lower jaws. In cases when the teeth grow in a correct position, the individual does not suffer from any problems.

The main motive behind wisdom tooth problems is that uneven growth of the teeth. When they expand, wisdom teeth may not grow straight, but rather grow in an odd angle. This curved growth is one of the issues that cause the wisdom tooth to press against the second molar or the gums creating the person great irritation.

Another cause for these issues with the wisdom tooth is when an individual's jaw is small. In these instances the teeth are commonly crowded and there is not sufficient space for the wisdom tooth to grow. The tooth then gets trapped in the gums and is unable to split through them. A tooth that cannot break through the gums is called an impacted tooth. Sometimes the wisdom tooth may break through the gum, but only to some extent. Here, a tiny portion of the gum creates a gentle flap behind the wisdom tooth, called an operculum. Food getting trapped in the operculum is inescapable and cleaning the operculum can't be done using an ordinary toothbrush. Methods to clean it are to employ a syringe to give pressurized water to eliminate any remains that have collected underneath or to wash it with hydrogen peroxide.
Impacted Wisdom Tooth
A tooth becomes impacted due to lack of space in the dental arch and its eruption is therefore prevented by gum, bone, another tooth or all three. Lack of space occurs because our jaws have become smaller through evolution. We do not lose teeth through decay as frequently as in the past and our diet does not wear down our teeth as much.
Impacted wisdom teeth can grow in a variety of directions. A wisdom tooth may grow toward your other teeth, away from them, or even in horizontal or vertical positions. When such conditions occur, it's far simpler and less painful to have them removed early before they have a chance to firmly anchor in your jaw as the teeth grow and the roots lengthen.
Wisdom Tooth Assessment
Not everyone has problems with their wisdom teeth. Factors that determine whether you will have problems include the size of your jaw and how your wisdom teeth grow in. There may be pain and swelling, or you may have no symptoms at all even though the other teeth in your mouth may be at risk of damage. In addition to actual pain, common problems caused by wisdom teeth can include gum disease, crowding, decay, poor position, and cysts.
Since it is not practical for most people to evaluate how their wisdom teeth are developing, the best approach is to visit your dentist for an evaluation. The dentist will review your dental history, take dental x-rays, and perform an examination to determine the general health of your mouth and the condition of your wisdom teeth. If a problem is detected, the dentist may recommend surgery to remove them and eliminate or avoid any unpleasant symptoms. Early removal is best for most patients as it usually helps to avoid more serious problems later on.
It is very important to talk to your dentist about extraction procedure, risks, possible complications and outcomes of the removal of these teeth. The actual extraction may be done by a dentist or it may be referred to a specialist. This decision is based on the dentist's preference and the unique features of each individual case. If you are unsure about whether or not to proceed with the treatment suggested by your dentist, it is a good idea to get a second opinion. If you decide after consulting with a dentist to not have any teeth extracted, they should be monitored at every dental visit.
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